The non-resolution of the border conflict led to the Salino-Indian war in 1962 and there was no definitive agreement between the countries on the exact location of the LAC. According to Alyssa Ayres, South Asia specialist at the Council on Foreign Relations, “China and India have different views of where they should be, resulting in regular border crossings. Often these tensions do not escalate; A serious border demarcation situation, such as the one we have at the moment, is less common, although it is the fourth since 2013. The 15 June border conflict reportedly took place during an obvious “de-escalation process”, weeks after “high-ranking military commanders from both countries” agreed on 6 June to “peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas, in accordance with various bilateral agreements”. The collision on the ridge reportedly involved hand-to-hand combat with iron bars, stones and fists, resulting in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers. While neither side carried rifles, most of the soldiers killed in the fighting lost their footing or were pushed by the narrow back of the Himalayas and fell to death. These are the first deaths along the LAC since 1975. Since the 1962 war, the two countries have concluded various bilateral agreements as confidence-building measures (CBM) to avoid an escalation of the situation, including the high-profile 1996 agreement and the “dominant practice” of not using weapons near the LA, which stems from this agreement and others. We described the various bilateral agreements and the relevant government and international sources that can be consulted: in April 1954, India and the People`s Republic of China signed an eight-year agreement on Tibet, which became the five principles of peaceful coexistence (or panchsheel). In December 1962, representatives of six Afro-Asian nations met in Colombo to develop peace proposals for India and China. Their proposals formalized China`s promise of a 20-kilometer withdrawal, and it was used as “the line at which Chinese forces will drift 20 km.”   China-India relations (Chinese: 印度关; Hindi: भारत-चीन सम्बन्ध), also known as Sino-Indian relations or Indo-Chinese relations, refers to bilateral relations between China and India. The tone of the relationship has changed over time; the two nations have sought economic cooperation, while frequent border conflicts and economic nationalism are a major point of disagreement in both countries. Modern relations began in 1950, when India was one of the first countries to end formal relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) and recognized the People`s Republic of China as a legitimate government of mainland China.
China and India are two of Asia`s largest regional powers and the two most populous countries, and among the world`s fastest growing major economies. The growth of diplomatic and economic influence has increased the importance of their bilateral relations. In 1993, in New Delhi, the sixth round of joint working group discussions took place, but there were only minor developments.